Comparative law is a field of law that focuses on the similarities and differences in national laws of countries. It also stresses on the diverse legal systems that govern most countries these days. The comparative law encompasses disciplines such as socialist law, Jewish law, Chinese law, and Hindu law. This field also comprises of the analysis and description of foreign legal systems. Its relevance in law increases as economic globalization, internationalism, and democratization takes place.
History of Comparative Law
In the 18th century, Europe was the first continent with nations that practiced comparative law. Before Europe adopted the comparative law, legal scholars researched on comparative law methodologies. One of them is Montesquieu, who is usually referred to as the founder of comparative law. Montesquieu came up with a comparative approach. The approach was published in his De l’esprit des Lois book. In 1750, Thomas Nugent translated his book into English.
Comparative Law in Academics
In law schools, budding law practitioners study comparative law as an academic subject. It focuses on the study of the diverse legal systems of the world. Law students learn the several ways in which the legal systems differ. The comparative law was introduced in law schools for law practitioners to understand legal systems. This subject also helps in perfecting the legal systems that are in operation these days.
About Sujit Choudhry
As a legal expert and a law professor, Sujit Choudhry’s expertise lies in constitutional law. He has been referred to as the Michael Heyman of law because of his law research publications. Sujit Choudhry has worked as a constitution advisor for countries such as South Africa and Ukraine. His expertise was sought because of how he dissects matters relating to constitutional law. One of Choudhry’s research publications focused on how constitutional design can lead to peaceful democratic politics. As a law professor, he likes researching on problems affecting comparative constitutional law and methods for solving them.
Choudhry is also renowned for his reports, working papers, and book chapters. In 2006, he edited The Migration of Constitutional Ideas that was published by Cambridge Press. In 2008, Oxford Press published his book titled The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution. His other books include Constitution-Making and Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Integration or Accommodation. Choudhry seats at the International Society of Public Law executive committee. He is also a member of International Journal of Constitutional Law’s board of directors.